New reviews:

Intravenous nutrients for preventing inadvertent perioperative hypothermia in adults

Recruitment manoeuvres for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving mechanical ventilation

Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for adult patients requiring tracheal intubation

Anaesthetic interventions for prevention of awareness during surgery

Factors that impact on the use of mechanical ventilation weaning protocols in critically ill adults and children: a qualitative evidence-synthesis

Antifibrinolytic agents for reducing blood loss in scoliosis surgery in children

Local versus general anaesthesia for adults undergoing pars plana vitrectomy surgery

Ultrasound-guided arterial cannulation for paediatrics

Fast-track cardiac care for adult cardiac surgical patients.

Intravenous versus inhalational techniques for rapid emergence from anaesthesia in patients undergoing brain tumour surgery

Thromboelastography (TEG) or thromboelastometry (ROTEM) to monitor haemostatic treatment versus usual care in adults or children with bleeding.

Nitrous oxide-based versus nitrous oxide-free general anaesthesia and accidental awareness during general anaesthesia in surgical patients

Nitrates for the prevention of cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery

Percutaneous techniques versus surgical techniques for tracheostomy

Epidural local anaesthetics versus opioid-based analgesic regimens for postoperative gastrointestinal paralysis, vomiting and pain after abdominal surgery

Central venous catheter (CVC) removal for patients of all ages with candidaemia

Midazolam for sedation before procedures

Psychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia

Lateral positioning for critically ill adult patients

Active body surface warming systems for preventing complications caused by inadvertent perioperative hypothermia in adults

Vapocoolants (cold spray) for pain treatment during intravenous cannulation

Pre-hospital versus in-hospital initiation of cooling for survival and neuroprotection after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Spectral entropy monitoring for adults and children undergoing general anaesthesia

The use of ultrasound guidance for perioperative neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks in children

Perioperative dexmedetomidine for acute pain after abdominal surgery in adults

Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for reducing rocuronium bromide induced pain on injection in children and adults

Paravertebral block versus thoracic epidural for patients undergoing thoracotomy

Lidocaine for reducing propofol-induced pain on induction of anaesthesia in adults

Intranasal or transdermal nicotine for the treatment of postoperative pain

Perioperative angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers for preventing mortality and morbidity in adults

Updated reviews:

Deliberate hypotension with propofol under anaesthesia for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)

Hyperbaric versus isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section

Single, double or multiple-injection techniques for non-ultrasound guided axillary brachial plexus block in adults undergoing surgery of the lower arm

High initial concentration versus low initial concentration sevoflurane for inhalational induction of anaesthesia

Hypertonic salt solution for peri-operative fluid management

Nutritional support for critically ill children

High-frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for acute respiratory distress syndrome

Catheter impregnation, coating or bonding for reducing central venous catheter-related infections in adults

Supplemental oxygen for caesarean section during regional anaesthesia

Perioperative fluid volume optimization following proximal femoral fracture

Antithrombin III for critically ill patients

Hypothermia for neuroprotection in adults after cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery in adults

Vasopressors for hypotensive shock

Antifungal agents for preventing fungal infections in non-neutropenic critically ill patients

Epidural pain relief versus systemic opioid-based pain relief for abdominal aortic surgery

Inhaled nitric oxide for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in children and adults

Hypertonic salt solution for peri-operative fluid management

Published protocols:

Propofol for the promotion of sleep in the intensive care unit

Melatonin for the promotion of sleep in the intensive care unit

Automated monitoring for the early detection of sepsis in critically ill patients

Early versus delayed enteral nutrition support for critically ill adults

Intravenous versus inhalational maintenance of anaesthesia for postoperative cognitive outcomes in elderly surgical patients

Regional versus general anaesthesia for improved cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and paediatric patients

Enteral versus parenteral nutrition for adults in the intensive care unit

Adductor canal blocks for postoperative pain treatment in adults undergoing knee surgery

Buffered solutions versus isotonic saline for resuscitation in non-surgical critically ill adults and children

Immunonutrition for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults

Deliberate hypotension for orthopaedic surgery

Supplemental perioperative intravenous crystalloids for postoperative nausea and vomiting