2017

New reviews:

Cuffed versus uncuffed endotracheal tubes for general anaesthesia in children aged eight years and under.

Dexamethasone as an adjuvant to peripheral nerve block.

Nerve blocks or no nerve blocks for pain control after elective hip replacement (arthroplasty) surgery in adults.

Harms of off-label erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for critically ill people.

ProSeal versus Classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for positive pressure ventilation in adults undergoing elective surgery.

Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 1. Commonly-used classes of drugs

High-flow nasal cannulae for respiratory support in adult intensive care patients

Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation in children (excluding neonates)

Avoidance versus use of neuromuscular blocking agents for improving conditions during tracheal intubation or direct laryngoscopy in adults and adolescents

Peripheral nerve blocks for hip fractures

Needle gauge and tip designs for preventing post-dural puncture headache (PDPH)

Total intravenous anaesthesia versus inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic surgery

Continuous chest compression versus interrupted chest compression for cardiopulmonary resuscitation of non-asphyxial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Capnography versus standard monitoring for emergency department procedural sedation and analgesia

Effectiveness and safety of procalcitonin evaluation for reducing mortality in adults with sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock

Cough augmentation techniques for extubation or weaning critically ill patients from mechanical ventilation

Updated reviews:

Perioperative administration of buffered versus non-buffered crystalloid intravenous fluid to improve outcomes following adult surgical procedures.

Heat and moisture exchangers versus heated humidifiers for mechanically ventilated adults and children.

Simple aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in adults.

Efficacy and safety of sugammadex versus neostigmine in reversing neuromuscular blockade in adults.

Aerosolized prostacyclins for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

Topical anaesthetics for pain control during repair of dermal laceration

High-volume haemofiltration for sepsis in adults

New protocols:

Drugs for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults after general anaesthesia: a network meta-analysis

Postoperative epidural analgesia versus systemic analgesia for thoraco-lumbar spine surgery in children.

Community first responders for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Perioperative restrictive versus goal-directed fluid therapy for adults undergoing major non-cardiac surgery

Higher versus lower inspiratory oxygen fraction or targets of arterial oxygenation for adult intensive care patients

Preventive opioids for postoperative pain

Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and presepsin for the diagnosis of sepsis in adults and children

Continuation versus discontinuation of antiplatelet therapy for bleeding and ischaemic events in adults undergoing non-cardiac surgery